Pompeii, Italian Pompei, preserved ancient Roman city in Campania, Italy, 14 miles (23 km) southeast of Naples, at the southeastern base of Mount Vesuvius. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? So you step in right through the backdoor. It was founded by a convert who reportedly experienced a miracle from the Virgin Mary; miracles have been reported since its foundation. Pompei's main football team has been the A.S.D. Pink Floyd filmed a live concert in Pompeii's Amphitheatre for their documentary. So its less crowded. Pompeii, A.D. 79 (probably October): a column of ashes and lapilli rises from Vesuvius. Site excavations and volcanological studies, notably in the late 20th century, have brought out further details. The ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum are part of the UNESCO World Heritage site of Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata. Almost all visitors come to Pompeii to visit the ancient excavation site. The archaeological sites at and around Pompeii are important because they provide a unique source of information about many aspects of social, economic, religious, and political life of the ancient world. The eruption that destroyed Pompeii occurred on August 24, 79 CE. For a complete list of the UNESCO World Heritage sites in Italy and the ones we've visited, click the link. Several city gates have been excavated. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. It houses a canvas by Luca Giordano. Designed by Aristide Leonori and his brother Pio Leonori, the bell tower is 80 metres high (260 ft). Located in the heart of Little Italy, Pompei on Taylor Street has been serving authentic Italian cuisine for over four generations. Herculaneum, Stabiae, Torre Annunziata, and other communities were destroyed along with Pompeii. Buildings were destroyed, the population was crushed or asphyxiated, and the city was buried beneath a blanket of ash and pumice. A vivid eyewitness report is preserved in two letters written by Pliny the Younger to the historian Tacitus, who had inquired about the death of Pliny the Elder, commander of the Roman fleet at Misenum. Pompeii joined the Italians in their revolt against Rome in this war and was besieged by the Roman general Lucius Cornelius Sulla in 89 bce. Pompeii is first mentioned in history in 310 bce, when, during the Second Samnite War, a Roman fleet landed at the Sarnus port of Pompeii and from there made an unsuccessful attack on the neighbouring city of Nuceria. The top of the bell tower, which can be reached by taking a lift, allows visitors to enjoy a splendid view of the modern city, Mount Vesuvius and part of the ancient city of Pompeii. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The bell tower was built between 1912 and 1925. Updates? Pompeii was destroyed by the violent eruption of Mount Vesuvius on August 24, 79 CE. Just one piece of advice, be aware that on some maps these stations only appear listed as “Pompei”, so make sure you know … Grand public buildings included an impressive forum and an amphitheatre; lavish villas and all kinds of houses, dating back to the 4th century bce, were also uncovered. Pliny the Elder had rushed from Misenum to help the stricken population and to get a close view of the volcanic phenomena, and he died at Stabiae. Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Torre Annunziata were collectively designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1997. Ancient History Encyclopedia - Pompeii, Italy, Pompeii - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Pompeii - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Black Friday Sale! Mount Vesuvius, the volcano located to the northwest of the ancient Roman city of Pompeii, has erupted many times throughout recorded history.