Gesa Schenke, 'Das Erscheinen Jesu vor den Jüngern und der ungläubige Thomas: Johannes 20, 19–31' in Louis Painchaud and Paul-Hubert Poirier, eds, Coptica – Gnostica – Manichaica: Mélanges offerts à Wolf-Peter Funk (Les presses de l'Université Laval / Peeters, 2006) pp. And there are many other things which Jesus did--(Compare John 20:30 John 20:31 ). . Then went this saying abroad among the brethren, that that disciple should not die--into which they the more easily fell from the prevalent expectation that Christ's second coming was then near at hand. " The apostle's style of writing thus denies any necessity of viewing John 20:30-31 as his conclusion. The Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece (27th ed.) Jesus showed himself again--manifested himself again. cast himself into the sea --the shallow part, not more than a hundred yards from the water's edge (John 21:8), not meaning therefore to swim, but to get sooner to Jesus than in the full boat which they could hardly draw to shore. Introduction This week I happened to look at a series I did on “Highlights in the Life and Ministry of Jesus Christ” nearly 20 years ago, and there it was, a message on John chapter 21! Peter's ecclesiastical role is emphasized, but this is similar to Peter's commissioning in John 1.. The last appearance of the 'Disciple whom Jesus loved' in this Gospel, together with his first appearance in chapter 1 form a literary "inclusio of eyewitness testimony" to privilege this witness (in the Gospel of John 21:24) over Peter's, not to denigrate Peter's authority, but rather to claim a distinct qualification as an 'ideal witness' to Christ, because he survives Peter and bears his witness after Peter. Jesus is both our Good Shepherd (John 10:11) and the Door of the sheepfold (John 10:9). Study John 21 using Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. 14. 1. 1 Afterward Jesus appeared again to his disciples, by the Sea of Galilee. A. 4. Feed--keep. ] John 21 begins with the 'Johannine transition', After these things... (Greek: Μετὰ ταῦτα, romanized: meta tauta) which is used frequently in the Fourth Gospel, leading some scholars to suggest that John 21 was appended in the same way as Mark 16:9–20. . And whereas, at the first miraculous draught, the net "was breaking" through the weight of what it contained--expressive of the difficulty with which, after they had 'caught men,' they would be able to retain, or keep them from escaping back into the world--while here, "for all they were so many, yet was not the net broken," are we not reminded of such sayings as these ( John 10:28 ): "I give unto My sheep eternal life, and they shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of My hand" [LUTHARDT]? This is the disciple which testifieth of these things, and wrote these things--thus identifying the author of this book with all that it says of this disciple. . Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. . In John 21, Peter and a few of the disciples decide to go fishing; but after fishing all night they had no success. ", which describes the end of Chapter 20, not Chapter 21. "", then in verse 1:39 they "remained ('emeinan') with Him that day". 1, 2. However, no existing manuscript of the Gospel omits this chapter.. The chapter (and the whole book) is closed by two verses referring to the author of the gospel in the third person ("We know that his testimony is true"). And, indeed, beyond doubt, this prediction was intended to follow up his triple restoration:--"Yes, Simon, thou shall not only feed My lambs, and feed My sheep, but after a long career of such service, shalt be counted worthy to die for the name of the Lord Jesus." THE INTERNAL SENSE. Peter, turning about--showing that he followed immediately as directed. Question: "Why did Jesus tell Peter to 'feed my sheep' in John 21?" Felix Just, 'Combining Key Methodologies in Johannine Studies', in Tom Thatcher (ed). And are not these symbolized by that portion of our Galilean repast which the fishers found, in some unseen way, made ready to their hand? Shall we say (with many) that Peter was here reinstated in office? lovest thou me, &c.--In this repetition of the question, though the wound was meant to be reopened, the words "more than these" are not repeated; for Christ is a tender as well as skilful Physician, and Peter's silence on that point was confession enough of his sin and folly. Not till now would Peter discern the object of this succession of thrusts. For one thing, I was in need of a good introduction for this lesson. And because they love me, my Father will love them. the second time . 3 I'm going out to fish,' Simon Peter told them, and they said, 'We'll go with you.' . It was fitting that he should; it was meant that he should. . 18, 19. by Jared Wellman 10/28/2014. AFTER these things, jesus manifested himself again to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias; but thus did he manifest [himself.] It is much more according to usage to understand by the "lambs," young and tender disciples, whether in age or Christian standing ( Isaiah 40:11 , 1 John 2:12 1 John 2:13 ), and by the "sheep" the more mature. So they went out and got into the boat, but that night they caught nothing. For Pope John 21, see. It contains an account of a post-crucifixion appearance in Galilee, which the text describes as the third time Jesus had appeared to his disciples. It is only mentioned in the Gospel of John. . In the course of this chapter, there is a miraculous catch of 153 fish, the confirmation of Peter's love for Jesus, a foretelling of Peter's death in old age, and a comment about the beloved disciple's future. "Sea of Tiberias" is another name for the Sea of Galilee, which is also called the Lake of Gennesaret ().Tiberias is the city that King Herod built on the western shore of this lake and named after Caesar Tiberias to impress him. Jesus says that it is not Peter's concern, even if Jesus should wish that that disciple remain alive until the end of time. 10. do not possess any ancient manuscript of John that actually ends at 20:31. Jesus saith unto them, Bring of the fish ye have now caught--Observe the double supply thus provided--His and theirs. Peter was grieved because he said the third time, &c.--This was the Physician's deepest incision into the wound, while yet smarting under the two former probings. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. On Peter's repeating his protestation in the same words, our Lord rises higher in the manifestation of His restoring grace. . , Novum Testamentum Graece (NA28) and the United Bible Societies (UBS5) provide the critical text for John 21. 15-17. when they had dined, Jesus saith--Silence appears to have reigned during the meal; unbroken on His part, that by their mute observation of Him they might have their assurance of His identity the more confirmed; and on theirs, from reverential shrinking to speak till He did. . Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:, In the previous chapter of John's Gospel, the text summarizes the many signs which Jesus performed for his followers, not all of which could be recorded in the Gospel.[why? John 14:21, NLT: "Those who accept my commandments and obey them are the ones who love me.  In the first chapter verse 1:38 it is stated that "Jesus turned, and seeing them following ('akolouthountas'), said to them, "What do you seek?